Occasionally teeth may become severely damaged from illnesses, injury, infection, and decay making it essential to undergo tooth removal from a dentist. Some adults and many teenagers experience wisdom teeth removal during adulthood. Orthodontists may recommend one or two teeth removed if the adult teeth are overcrowded as a necessity of the alignment process.
Experienced dentists are qualified to perform tooth removal procedures in different situations safely. In some cases, they will perform emergency tooth extractions when a situation demands it. Dentists are careful to provide the patient with proper after-care instructions to avoid complications that may compromise their patient’s recovery.
The procedure for tooth extraction is either surgical or straightforward, depending on whether a visible tooth or an impacted tooth is being extracted. Let us look at both processes to understand how the dentist removes teeth.
The patient is administered local anesthesia to numb the area around the tooth to make the procedure painless. Patients do experience some pressure without any pain during the extraction. The visible tooth is loosened with an instrument called the elevator before it is extracted using forceps.
During a surgical extraction, the patient is likely to receive both intravenous as well as local anesthesia. Intravenous anesthesia makes the patient calm and relaxed. If the patient has any medical conditions, the dentist may administer general anesthesia to make the patient unconscious during the procedure.
The general dentist will then make an incision into the gums to remove some bone from around the tooth or decide to cut the tooth in pieces before it is extracted.
Wisdom teeth removal often requires surgical extraction, especially if they are impacted and below the gum line.
Bleeding from the socket from where the tooth was extracted is natural even if sutures are placed. The support staff of the dental office will provide the patient with gauze pads with instructions to gently place them onto the socket to absorb any drainage and stop bleeding to promote clotting. The gauze pad must remain in place for about 3 to 4 hours following the tooth extraction procedure. Patients are recommended not to rinse, smoke, or drink through a straw for at least 24 hours in a bid to promote clotting.
Painkillers are prescribed to the patient to ease any discomfort he or she may experience. Most patients only require mild painkillers such as acetaminophen, but some may need prescription medications. Ice can be applied to the side of the patient’s cheek to assist with pain and swelling at 10-minute intervals.
The patient is recommended to get plenty of rest for at least 24 hours following the procedure. Patients must also take it easy for a couple of days after that. They should prop their head upon pillows to minimize bleeding when resting.
The dentist in Coral Gables, FL, recommends patients not to smoke after tooth extraction. Smoking can delay the healing process and increase discomfort while encouraging bleeding and infection at the surgical site.
Patients can resume their regular activities after the initial 24-hour healing. They can gently rinse your mouth with a solution of saltwater and brush and floss generally by avoiding the open socket. The recovery period after a tooth extraction is typically a few days, but surgical tooth removal may require about two weeks to heal from the procedure thoroughly. Patients experiencing unusual symptoms that could be indications of an infection or something severe should contact the dentist’s office promptly. The symptoms they may experience include:
The dentist can recommend the best method to deal with the symptoms upon being contacted and help the patient overcome the discomfort.
After the site of the extraction has healed sufficiently, the patient can discuss tooth replacement solutions with the dentist to restore their smile and prevent the shifting of other teeth.